Fundamentals & its Applications (LIVE)

About LIVE Paathshala:

LIVE Paathshala is venture of  Catalyst Academy of Chemistry broadcasting Real-Time LIVE Interactive Classes (Unique blend of Conventional & Modern methods of Teaching and Learning) for students of Grade XI, XII and above.

The Chemistry delivered by us  covers all  Fundamentals of chemistry including Concepts and its Applications such as (How & when), and  its techniques to understand  at all levels. The points covered is the  integrated syllabus of all Curriculum (C.B.S.E., ICGSE, ICSE, Cambridge . . . . . .) & Universities. It also guide students about exam  techniques, How to do well to achieve their Goal.

This  comprehensive course includes Tips, Tricks, Techniques, Practice problems and Applications to keep students away from Chemistry Phobia. It also guide students for selection of Carrier & also make them do well in all aspects.

Providing thorough grasp knowledge of Fundamentals, Concepts and its Applications, Create ability to  understand  applied conditions, to create ability to resolve related issues/difficulties to get proper solutions with proper results and to generate interest to know chemistry around us.

This program is for students of Grade X, XI , XII & above who are facing problem in understanding Chemistry/wants to become good Scholar in Chemistry.  It is intended to be a condensed review of various concepts from a typical Chemistry course.  This course is a blend of video-based instruction and LIVE session interaction.


Unit 1. Atomic structure and atomic spectra 
• The structure and spectra of hydrogenic atoms ; The structure of hydrogenic atoms ; Atomic orbitals and their energies  ; Spectroscopic transitions and selection rules

• The structures of many-electron atoms : The orbital approximation ;  Self-consistent field orbitals

• The spectra of complex atoms : Quantum defects and ionization limits ; Singlet and triplet states  ; Spin–orbit coupling  ; Term symbols and selection rules

Unit 2. Molecular structure (The Born–Oppenheimer approximation)
• Valence-bond theory : Homonuclear diatomic molecules ; Polyatomic molecules

• Molecular orbital theory : The hydrogen molecule-ion  ;  Homonuclear diatomic molecules  ;  Heteronuclear diatomic molecules

• Molecular orbitals for polyatomic systems : The Hückel approximation ; Computational chemistry ;  The prediction of molecular properties

Unit 3. Molecular symmetry 
• The symmetry elements of objects : Operations and symmetry elements ; The symmetry classification of molecules ; Some immediate consequences of symmetry

• Applications to molecular orbital theory and spectroscopy : Character tables and symmetry labels ;  Vanishing integrals and orbital overlap   ;  Vanishing integrals and selection rules

Unit 4. Molecules in motion 
• Molecular motion in gases : The kinetic model of gases ; Collision with walls and surfaces ; The rate of effusion  ; Transport properties of a perfect gas

• Molecular motion in liquids : Experimental results ;  The conductivities of electrolyte solutions ; The mobilities of ions  ; Conductivities and ion–ion interactions

• Diffusion : The thermodynamic view ; The diffusion equation ; Diffusion probabilities ;The statistical view

 Unit 5. Gases and liquids
• Molecular interactions in gases

• The liquid–vapour interface

• Condensation

Unit 6. The properties of gases 
• The perfect gas : The states of gases ; The gas laws

• Real gases : Molecular interactions ; The van der Waals equation ; The principle of corresponding states

Unit 7. The solid state
• Crystal lattices : Lattices and unit cells ; The identification of lattice planes  ;  The investigation of structure ;  Neutron and electron diffraction

• Crystal structure : Metallic solids  ;  Ionic solids  ;  Molecular solids and covalent networks

• The properties of solids : Mechanical properties ; Electrical properties ; Optical properties ; Magnetic properties ; Superconductors

Unit 8. Processes at solid surfaces 
• The growth and structure of solid surfaces: Surface growth ; Surface composition

• The extent of adsorption : Physisorption and chemisorption  ; Adsorption isotherms  ; The rates of surface processes  ; Mechanisms of heterogeneous catalysis ; Catalytic activity at surfaces

Unit 9. The First Law
• The basic concepts : Work, heat, and energy ; The internal energy ; Expansion work  ; Heat transactions ; Enthalpy ; Adiabatic changes 

• Thermochemistry : Standard enthalpy changes ; Standard enthalpies of formation ;  The temperature-dependence of reaction enthalpies 

• State functions and exact differentials : Exact and inexact differentials ; Changes in internal energy  ; The Joule–Thomson effect

Unit 10. The Second Law
The direction of spontaneous change ; The dispersal of energy  ; Entropy ; Entropy changes accompanying specific processes ; The    Third  Law of thermodynamics

Concentrating on the system : The Helmholtz and Gibbs energies ; Standard reaction Gibbs energies 

Combining the First and Second Laws : The fundamental equation  ; Properties of the internal energy ; Properties of the Gibbs energy

Unit 11. Simple mixtures 
• The thermodynamic description of mixtures : Partial molar quantities ; The thermodynamics of mixing  : The chemical potentials of liquids

The properties of solutions : Liquid mixtures ; Colligative properties

Activities: The solvent activity  ; The solute activity  ;  The activities of regular solutions ; The activities of ions in solution 

Unit 12. Phase diagrams 
Phases, components, and degrees of freedom : Definitions ; The phase rule

Two-component systems : Vapour pressure diagrams ; Temperature–composition diagrams  ;  Liquid–liquid phase diagrams  ;  Liquid–                  solid phase diagrams 

Unit 13. Chemical equilibrium
Spontaneous chemical reaction : The Gibbs energy minimum  ; The description of equilibrium 

The response of equilibria to the conditions : How equilibria respond to pressure ;  The response of equilibria to temperature 

• Equilibrium electrochemistry : Half-reactions and electrodes ; Varieties of cells;  The electromotive force ;  Standard potentials ;  Applications of standard potentials.

Unit 14. Processes at electrodes 
 • The electrode–solution interface ; The rate of charge transfer  ; Voltammetry ; Electrolysis ; Working galvanic cells ; Corrosion

Unit 15. The rates of chemical reactions
Empirical chemical kinetics : Experimental techniques ; The rates of reactions ;  Integrated rate laws  ; Reactions approaching equilibrium  ; The temperature dependence of reaction rates 

Accounting for the rate laws : Elementary reactions ; Consecutive elementary reactions  ; Unimolecular reactions

Unit 16. The kinetics of complex reactions
Chain reactions : The rate laws of chain reactions ; Explosions  • Polymerization kinetics : Stepwise polymerization  ; Chain polymerization 

Homogeneous catalysis : Features of homogeneous catalysis  ; Enzymes 

Photochemistry :  Kinetics of photophysical and photochemical Processes ; Complex photochemical processes

Unit 17. Molecular reaction dynamics
Reactive encounters : Collision theory  ; Diffusion-controlled reactions  ;The material balance equation

Transition state theory : The Eyring equation  ; Thermodynamic aspects 

The dynamics of molecular collisions : Reactive collisions  ; Potential energy surfaces  ; Some results from experiments and calculations ;    The investigation of reaction dynamics with ultrafast laser techniques 

Electron transfer in homogeneous systems : The rates of electron transfer processes; Theory of electron transfer processes  ; Experimental results 

After the course the student should be able to:
•    Account for electronic structure in atoms and the theoretical background to the periodic table, as well as different types of chemical  bonds.
•    Account for the meaning of commonly encountered values and concepts in reaction kinetics and carry out calculations in basic kinetics.
•    Account for basic concepts as well as carry out calculations in stoichiometry, equilibria and basic thermodynamics.
•    Describe different types of transport processes in solution as well as carry out simple calculations of corresponding properties
•    Carry out relatively basic laboratory work in a correct and safe manner, carry out simple risk and safety analyses, as well as document laboratory work in a laboratory journal in a scientifically correct manner.
•    Describe the implications of the course content for people and the environment.

Pre Reading : Content of previous Topics.

Home Work   : DPP

Language of Teaching :  English (Additional Languages :  Marathi, Hindi )

Number of Students per Batch : 20

Duration    :  16 Weeks :  5 Hour's per week : Total 80 Hrs.

Class Schedule :  Monday to Friday             : INDIA, SINGAPORE , MALAYSIA, JAPAN, USA

                              Saturday to Wednesday   : GULF & UAE

Doubt Clearing Session : Every Start & End of Class


  INDIA   GMT +5.30  07:00 a.m. to 08:00 a.m.    
 GULF  GMT +3.0  06:30 p.m. to 07:30 p.m.     
 U.A.E.  GMT +4.0  06:15 p.m. to 07:15 p.m.     
 SINGAPORE   GMT +8.0  07:45 p.m. to 08:45 p.m.      
  MALAYSIA   GMT +8.0   07:45 p.m. to 08:45 p.m.    
 JAPAN  GMT +9.0  07:30 p.m. to 08:30 p.m.       
  USA  UTC -4.0  07:30 p.m. to 08:30 p.m    
  USA  UTC -5.0  07:30 p.m. to 08:30 p.m      
   USA  UTC -4.0   07:30 p.m. to 08:30 p.m    

        New Batches Starts Very Soon.

  • No any Video is loaded on " YOU TUBE".
  • Before Registration please attend "Free Demonstration" to firmly affirm our Teaching Methodology & Feasibility of System.

Faculty : Dilip K.  Darodkar

Fees :  INR  61937/-, $ 10/- per Hour [ INR 99099.56/-,  $ 1280/- 37.5% Off ]

Note    :  

  • For Real-time LIVE Interactive classes no need of any App.
  • Classes are easily accessed through Google Chrome.
  • Web-Cam  and Headphone with in-built microphone must be active for LIVE Interactive Communication.

For any query related to Topic/Course, Please feel free to write us at Contact.  or              call +91 770 094 6867 (Whatsapp/Signal) / +91 712 295 0302.


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